The Honorable San Blas Battalion

The people of this beautiful port, has always shown great pride of their land, their state and a strong patriotism, which was forever engraved in the memory of Mexicans through the Honorable San Blas Battalion.

This infantry force was formed as “Active San Blas Coast Guard Battalion” and fought during the War of American Intervention, which took place between 1846 and 1848, when the northern neighbor wanted to seize not only the Mexican province of Texas, but to advance its invasion as far as they could.

Due to poor military organization of the newly independent Mexican government, the US Army managed to win the Texas territory, in addition to the vast lands of Alta California and New Mexico, which were more than half of the former Mexican land.

Being clearly superior in number of combatants and war technology, the Americans took over the port of Veracruz in March 1847, having the first confrontation with the Active Battalion of San Blas, whom they defeated at the Battle of Cerro Gordo, near the city of Xalapa.

They achieved to advance in their way to Mexico City, where they again faced the San Blas Battalion, now commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Felipe Santiago Xicoténcatl who courageously defended Chapultepec Castle, virtually the entire battalion gave their lives for this cause.

Finally, the US military pressure forced the signing of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in the Mexican capital, in which, our neighbors seized the disputed territories, but they were expelled from the country averting a full-scale invasion.

For this reason, since the nineteenth century, the flag of Honorable San Blas Battalion has been waved as a badge for Chapultepec Castle and the courage of San Blas people has been recorded as an everlasting memory.

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